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Yet it is also used in personal communication to friends, wishing someone a happy birthday, and much more. So it is not surprising that people use variations of their signatures depending on what it is being used for. A signature on a legal document might be signed with your full name, including initial letters of middle names. A letter to a friend might simply be signed with a pet name. The signature is a stylized form of writing: it shows how you want the world to percieve you. As always in graphology, the rules of common-sense apply. Ask the writer to produce their typical signature that they would use to sign a cheque.

Use that for your analysis. Although signatures tend to be slightly stylized, they echo traits in the script. The meaning of the differences is explained on this webpage. Large signature: this shows a sense of high status -which may in real life be the case, but in terms of the signature that is not the point — of having value. If the signature is larger than the handwriting, the writer carries a pretence of higher self esteem — and confidence — than is the case. Medium size signature same as handwriting : shows a balance of sense of value and modesty.

If it is the same size as the script it shows someone with a knowledge of, and acceptance of, how he or she is perceived.

Handwriting Psychology eBook by Dr. Helmut Ploog - | Rakuten Kobo

When this person is in public, they do not put on an act. Small signature: the writer expects little esteem from other people. This may imply a high degree of self-motivation and disregard for what people think, but is more likely to be a sign of low self-confidence. If the signature is smaller than the script, the writer does not expect recognition of their worth. It may be this is a deliberate holding back, a defensive posture. For typical use, the majority of people nowadays use their full first name and surname.

Those who choose not to and opt for use of initials instead of their christian name s will have one of two reasons:. Writing your full name in your signature reveals a more informal, relaxed approach to life — the writer likes to get on first name terms quickly. Legibility bears little relation to speed: the fast writer can still be perfectly readable, and the slow writer can have an impossibly messy script.

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In handwriting, legibility is, subconsciously, a matter of choice. The same applies in the signature. The research carried out by the National Pen Company brought together a range of graphology studies to create its infographic. According to the graphic, the size of someone's handwriting can determine the type of personality they have. The type of looping created by the letters 'l' and 'e' can suggest a person's nature, for example, wide loops means someone is relaxed and spontaneous as well as open minded.

People who write narrow loops tend to be skeptical of others and may restrict themselves from certain activities, which causes feelings of tension. If the dot of a letter is situated high above the base it suggests the writer has a great imagination. If the dot is close to the base, they are organised and empathetic.

Procrastinators tend to dot their 'i's and 'j's to the left of the base letter, while child-like personality types will draw their dots as circles. Long crosses on 't's suggests someone who is determined and enthusiastic, but also stubborn. Short crosses tend to be written by someone who is lazy. If handwriting is an average size - in that the top of the letters sit just below the centre of line - the writer is well-adjusted and adaptable.

Moving onto the spacing of words, people who leave large gaps between words enjoy their freedom and don't like to be crowded, while people who write words close together can't stand to be alone and might be intrusive. If handwriting slants to the right the person is open to new experiences and enjoy meeting new people. If handwriting slants to the left, that person tends to keep themselves to themselves. People whose handwriting doesn't slant in either direction are logical and practical. Personality traits are also identifiable by the way individual letters are written. People who write rounded letters are more creative and artistic while pointed letters are a sign of aggression or intelligence.

Connected letters mean the writer is logical. People who specifically write rounded lowercase 's' letters are people pleasers, although if the bottom is too wide, they're not following their heart in something. According to the graphic, the type of looping created by the letters 'l' and 'e' can suggest a person's nature, for example, wide loops means someone is relaxed and spontaneous as well as open minded.

Alternatively, people who write narrow loops tend to be skeptical of others and may restrict themselves from certain activities, which causes feelings of tension. The way people dot their 'i's and cross their 't's can also be a personality indicator. If the dot of the letter is situated high above the base it suggests the writer has a great imagination. People who place heavy pressure on the pen when they write, which causes darker, thicker handwriting are good with commitment and taking things seriously.

Light-handed writers tend to be empathetic and sensitive but lack vitality. If someone writes quickly they are impatient while and slower writers are more methodical. Slashes used in the place of dots mean the writer doesn't have patience for inadequacy or are overly self-critical and are annoyed by people who don't learn from their mistakes.

What Does Handwriting Say About Your Personality?

When people write the letter 'o' with a loop or hole at the top of the letter, it means they are talkative and sociable, while closed 'o's indicate someone who is private. Similarly, a rounded lowercase 's' means the writer is a people pleaser, but if the rounded bottom is too wide it suggests they may not be following their heart either in their career or other pursuits. Ask the Scientists.

Scientific American Frontiers. Retrieved Paper Personality, on season 8, episode 2". Chedd-Angier Production Company. Archived from the original on New York Times. Retrieved 18 September Retrieved 2 September Ronald; Frink, Dwight D. Barcelona: Herder. Examen de ingenios para las ciencias [ Examination of inventions for the sciences ] in Spanish. Madrid: Imprenta R. Carpi: Girolamo Vaschieri.


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King; Derek J. Research In Psychology: Methods and Design.

Handwriting Analysis : What Your Handwriting Says about You - Handwriting Personality

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Lehrbuch der Graphologischen Deutungstechnik zum Selbstunterricht 1st ed. Intelligenza — Sentimento, Padova, Ed. Messagero di S. Centro de Estudios Superiores in Spanish.

Handwriting Analysis (Graphology): Selected full-text books and articles

Archived from the original on 9 January Thesis in the Faculty of Arts. University of Pretoria. The Online Journal of Ethics. Washington University Law Quarterly. The Skeptic Encyclopedia of Pseudoscience. Skeptic's Society.

What is Graphology? Secrets of Handwriting Analysis

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