This census correctly lists her birthplace as Missouri, but reports her age as She was actually 13, and there is no mention of her parents. Martha was almost certainly orphaned sometime between and In the Life and Adventures , after mentioning her residence in Piedmont, she claims to have visited Fort Russell, near Cheyenne , in , when she would have been 14, and Fort Sanders, near Laramie, Wyo.
Calamity Jane: Legend of the West
Canary first drew the attention of the press in , at age 19, when she accompanied the Jenney expedition from Fort Laramie , Wyo. The U. Jenney and Henry Newton to investigate the mineral resources in the Black Hills, the year after Custer and 1, troops had found gold there and pressure was building fast to take the land away from the Sioux. Lane, acting assistant surgeon for the expedition, was also a correspondent for the Chicago Daily Tribune. His piece is also the first contemporary report identifying Calamity Jane by her soon-to-be-famous nickname.
After returning to Fort Laramie, probably with a supply wagon train, Martha Canary next accompanied Gen. George Crook on his expeditions into northern Wyoming Territory to attack the Cheyenne and Sioux.
Regarding the enduring myth that Canary was a scout for Crook and others, Capt. This episode began her rise to national fame. Here two stories, illustrating her ebullience and generosity, surface from her time in and around Deadwood in the summer and fall of At a reception for Gen. Valentine McGillycuddy, medical officer with Crook's army, reports that he danced the schottische with Canary.
They "cavorted through the half-drunken mob, Calamity shrieking at old pals and slapping them on the back as they passed.
The American West: History, Myth, and Legacy
Later that fall, a miner named Jack McCarthy broke his leg. He lived alone in an isolated cabin between Central City and Lead, S.
Canary, then only 20, heard the story, raised money by asking for checks instead of drinks at the dance halls she frequented; then purchased supplies and engaged a packer at Deadwood. Arriving at McCarthy's cabin around Thanksgiving time, she cared for him there. McLaird comments that this story "may be true," adding that Canary's flamboyant behavior—probably referring to her dance with McGillycuddy as well as to her habit of dressing as a soldier or a scout and thereby fooling some of the men in the Jenney and Crook expeditions—"made it impossible for newspapers to ignore her.
She made good copy.
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On Oct. This fictitious portrayal of Calamity Jane catapulted her into the public eye.
- About the The 'Real' Calamity Jane - THE 'REAL' CALAMITY JANE;
- Publisher's Summary.
- La noble igualdad (Spanish Edition);
- About the The 'Real' Calamity Jane - THE 'REAL' CALAMITY JANE!
Fantastic stories proliferated, no doubt inspired by dime novel episodes. These rumors included her unerring aim with a gun or ox whip, fighting Indians and scaling cliffs. Meanwhile the real Martha Canary continued her mostly ordinary existence, living in Dakota Territory from , and in Montana Territory until late In November of that year, Canary returned to the area that is now Wyoming, where she remained for the next 10 years, mostly in the western part.
Despite these limitations, five of her patients survived the ordeal.
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The town doctor, L. It was rare praise from Babcock, who usually regarded Calamity as unkempt, overly impulsive and manly.
- Legends of the West The Life and Legacy of Calamity Jane by Charles River Editors.
- Asian Refugees in America: Narratives of Escape and Adaptation;
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Egan, a cavalry officer whose life she saved during an battle. After Egan was shot, Jane rode to his rescue just in time to prevent him from falling off his horse. The Legacy of Smallpox by Aaron Severson Many people over the age of 45 still bear the distinctive scars of smallpox vaccination, which for centuries was the only reliable protection against a disease that has plagued humanity for more than 3, years. Also known as variola, smallpox is a contagious viral infection.
The disease presents in the form of a rash, which then becomes raised, fluid-filled pustules. If the patient survives, the pustules scab over and typically leave permanent scars. Smallpox is not quite as contagious as popular fiction often implies and is not necessarily lethal, although some strains are deadlier than others. However, the historical fatality rate was often 30 percent or more.tr.ogylypyqej.tk
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Smallpox had a particularly devastating effect in the Americas, where the disease was first introduced by European explorers and colonists in the late 15th century. Variolation was not percent effective and could have serious side effects, but widespread vaccination programs eventually led to the eradication of smallpox by Today, only a few closely guarded samples of the disease remain, but there is still no cure. View all Profiles in Nursing Articles. This article is from workingnurse. You might also like. The legend of Wild Bill has only grown since his death in , when cowardly Jack McCall famously put a bullet through the back of his head during a card game.
Best-selling author Tom Clavin has sifted through years of Western lore to bring Hickock fully to life in this rip-roaring, spellbinding true story. Better known as "Wild Bill," he was the first and most famous gunfighter. A man without equal, he was said to have killed hundreds of outlaws in valiant and bloody struggles to the death, from which he invariably emerged the victor and the hero. Hickok himself was not above adding embellishments to the stories about himself to any reporter who sought him out.
Space may be the final frontier, but no frontier has ever captured the American imagination like the "Wild West," which still evokes images of dusty cowboys, outlaws, gunfights, gamblers, and barroom brawls over years after the West was settled. A constant fixture in American pop culture, the 19th century American West continues to be vividly and colorful portrayed not just as a place but as a state of mind. Space may be the final frontier, but no frontier has ever captured the American imagination like the Wild West, which still evokes images of dusty cowboys, outlaws, gunfights, gamblers, and barroom brawls over years after the West was settled.
A constant fixture in American pop culture, the 19th-century American West continues to be vividly and colorful portrayed not just as a place but as a state of mind.